Program Launch:
Students Earn Cash Prize as Incentive to Quit Smoking Through the NYU Health Center



Bar Brawl:
Bartenders Speak Out On Smoking in the City



RESOURCES


TIMELINE

  • January 1, 1990 - The New York Clean Indoor Air Act takes effect, prohibiting or limiting smoking in most public places, including stores, schools, taxis, work sites and some restaurants. Smoking is only allowed in private homes, bars, some hotel rooms, tobacco businesses, limousines under private hire, some boxes in indoor arenas, restaurants with 50 or fewer seats and at private social functions.

  • January 10, 1995 - Mayor Rudolph Giuliani signs the Smoke-Free Air Act, which bans smoking in virtually all public places, with a few exceptions; among them, restaurants seating under 35 patrons, separately ventilated rooms and free-standing bars.

  • April 10, 1995 - The Smoke-Free Air Act takes effect.

  • July 1, 1998 - New legislation is enacted in Suffolk County, which strengthens a previous law, that allowed smoking at bars within the same rooms as dining areas. The new law bans smoking in all dining areas, except those which are separate, fully enclosed and separately ventilated.

  • January 24, 2001 - Intro. 865, or the Smoke Free Air Act of 2001 is introduced by Council member Peter Vallone. The proposed law would ban smoking in the bar areas of all restaurants, regardless of size, city-owned vehicles, and would further restrict smoking in private offices. Neighborhood bars and taverns with under 40% of receipts coming from food sales would be exempt from this law, as would pool and bingo halls, nightclubs, or catering halls used for private parties.

  • March 1, 2001 - The first hearing on Intro. 865 is held at City Hall. Council member Vallone emerges as the bill's staunchest advocate, while Mayor Giuliani makes his opposition felt in a message to the City Council, stating the proposed law would "over-regulate" the restaurant industry and limit the freedom of bar and restaurant owners. The proposed bill never comes to a vote.

  • June 2001 - A bill is proposed to tighten smoking bans on a state level. Introduced by Charles Fuschillo Jr., the amendment to the New York Clean Indoor Air Act would ban smoking in all restaurants regardless of size, exempting only bars, bingo halls and bowling alleys. The bill passes in the Assembly, but ultimately fails to pass both houses.

  • March 19, 2002 - Suffolk County's legislature passes a ban on smoking within 50 feet of public entrances of county buildings and hospitals, the first of its kind in the state.

  • April 24, 2002 - Council member James Oddo makes another attempt to tighten New York City's anti-smoking legislation. The bill in question is a "watered-down" version of the bill introduced the year before by Council member Vallone, but again, the bill fails to pass.

  • July 2002 - The New York State Restaurant Association officially drops its longstanding opposition to the current New York City smoking ban after a survey shows most members are in favor of it.

  • August 12, 2002 - Mayor Michael Bloomberg and City Council leaders officially announce Intro. 256, the 2002 New York City Smoke-Free Air Act, which would prohibit smoking in all indoor restaurants and bars.

  • October 8, 2002 - In a 10-to-8 vote, Nassau County's legislature becomes the first county in New York state to pass a total ban on smoking in all workplaces, including restaurants, bingo halls, bowling alleys and bars. The ban is scheduled to go into effect in March 2003.

  • October 10, 2002 - The first hearing on the issue is held. Mayor Bloomberg and Health Commissioner Thomas Frieden testify before the City Council Committee on Health in support of Intro. 256.

  • November 1, 2002 - A second hearing scheduled to be held on the proposed bill is delayed due to continued budget talks and the need expressed by both sides for more time to consider the issue.


RELATED LINKS


General

  • American Cancer Society (ACS) - Provides smoking education, prevention, and cessation programs and distributes pamphlets, posters, and exhibits on smoking.
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) - Serves as the governments lead agency on environmental issues. The EPA offers publications and information on the adverse effects of secondhand tobacco smoke and indoor air pollution.
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse - One of the scientific institutes of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, NIDA supports over 85% of the world's research on the health aspects of drug abuse and addiction. The Institute also carries out a large variety of programs to ensure the rapid dissemination and use in both practice and policy settings of the results of the research it supports.
  • National Institutes of Health (NIH) - The NIH mission is to uncover new knowledge that will lead to better health for everyone. NIH works toward that mission by: conducting research in its own laboratories; supporting the research of non-Federal scientists in universities, medical schools, hospitals, and research institutions throughout the country and abroad; helping in the training of research investigators; and fostering communication of biomedical information.
  • World Health Organization (WHO) - Through collaboration with developed countries, organizations, bodies of the United Nations system, and the non-governmental organizations, WHO assists in designing, implementing, and evaluating tobacco prevention programs and legislation through the collection and dissemination of related data. WHO emphasizes the prevention of youth tobacco addiction.
  • Food and Drug Administration (FDA) - Responds to consumer requests for information and publications and provides information regarding the regulations restricting the sale and distribution of cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco to protect children and adolescents.
  • HEALTHFINDER - A gateway site to help consumers find health and human services information quickly. HEALTHFINDER includes links to more than 1,250 Web sites, including more than 250 federal sites and 1,000 state, local, not for profit, university and other consumer health resources. Topics are organized in a subject index. With more than 7 million hits in its first two months of operations, HEALTHFINDER is currently rated fifth among consumers' favorite Web sites on the "Web 100" list.
  • SmokeLess States - The SmokeLess States National Tobacco Policy Initiative supports activities of statewide coalitions working to improve the tobacco policy environment with the goal of reducing tobacco use. The initiative is a collaboration between the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the American Medical Association and statewide coalitions receiving the grants.
  • Smokescreen Action Network - An extensive collection of databases that provide some of the most comprehensive tobacco control resources available.
  • Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) - Assures that quality substance abuse and mental health services are available to the people who need them and to ensure that prevention and treatment knowledge is used more effectively in the general health care system.

Law

  • Organized Crime - About.com is a comprehensive website that provides new content, relevant links, How-To's, Forums, and answers to just about any question under any topic. This particular link deals with the correlation between the smuggling of cigarettes, organized crime and terrorism.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office of Smoking and Health - Directs the U.S. Government's tobacco and health activities. Collects and distributes smoking and health information in a variety of forms including pamphlets, posters, scientific research report, national campaigns and public service announcements. Maintains a bibliographic database of smoking and health-related information, which is available on a CD-ROM (CDP File), available for public use at Federal Depository libraries.
  • SmokeLess States - The SmokeLess States National Tobacco Policy Initiative supports activities of statewide coalitions working to improve the tobacco policy environment with the goal of reducing tobacco use. The initiative is a collaboration between the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the American Medical Association and statewide coalitions receiving the grants.
  • Tobacco Control News, Information and Resources - Comprehensive website with information related to tobacco control and news within the tobacco industry. The site provides links to conferences, education opportunities, and smoking cessation techniques. It also provides a fact sheet highlighting the effectiveness of OTC smoking cessation devices.
  • AMA (Smokeless States) National Tobacco Policy Initiative - The official web site for the American Medical Association, this page provides information regarding the "Smoke-less States" initiative as well as resources to hundreds of articles related to the risks of smoking, second-hand smoking, heart disease, etc.
  • Smoke Free World - Smokefreeworld.com is an online database that provides non-smokers literally thousands of smoke-free alternatives in the nature of hotels, restaurants, bars, etc. The site contains listings for events and places that provide a smoke-free environment around the world.
  • Join Together Online - Take Action Against Substance Abuse And Gun Violence - Join Together, founded in 1991, supports community-based efforts to reduce, prevent, and treat substance abuse across the nation. In addition the site also provides comprehensive articles on gun violence within the USA.
  • Tobacco BBS - Tobacco BBS (Bulletin Board System) is a free resource center focusing on tobacco and smoking issues. It features news, information and assistance for smokers trying to quit, alerts for tobacco control advocates, and open debate on the wide spectrum of tobacco issues. The site provides not only domestic information, but also tobacco related articles from around the world as well as governmental to curb smoking.
  • New York City Council - This is the official website of New York City's legislative body, the City Council. This all-inclusive site provides a plethora of useful, practical information about the New York City government, the city council members and what bills they support.
  • Brown & Williamson - The official web page for the Brown and Williamson tobacco company, this site provides a variety of information about the company as well as a host of links related to cigarette smoking and health related issues.
  • The Business Council of New York State - This website provides general information to commercial issues within the state of New York. The site has a large database of smoking related articles as well as links to the regulations governing smoking within New York State.
  • National Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids - The National Center for Tobacco-Free Kids is the country's largest non-government initiative ever launched to protect children from tobacco addiction. The CAMPAIGN FOR TOBACCO-FREE KIDS is the action arm of the Center. This extremely detailed site deals with the health risks created due to underage smoking. The site also contains large amounts of statistical data that highlights the dangers of smoking along with ways in which to prevent underage smoking.
  • The Official Home Page of the State Of Iowa - Official Iowa State website. Visitors to the site have access to the large state document database and can find a number of articles related to smoking legislation within the state.
  • Smoking Cessation - Extremely helpful website for those who are trying to quit smoking. Outlines all the commercial "quit smoking" devices such as Nicorette Gum as well as less traditional methods such as acupuncture and hypnosis. Visitors can compare and contrast the different techniques available and choose the best method for them. The site also provides a useful guide for ex-smokers on how to remain "clean" once they have quit.
  • The Official New York City Website - Official New York City website. Visitors can find up-to-date political and legal information concerning the issue of smoking within the city as well as articles and the laws regarding smoking.
  • The Cato Institute: Public Policy Analysis, Limited Government, Free Markets - The Cato Institute seeks to broaden the parameters of public policy debate to allow consideration of the traditional American principles of limited government, individual liberty, free markets and peace. The Institute strives to achieve greater involvement of the intelligent, concerned lay public in questions of policy and the proper role of government. The search engine provides a variety of articles on smoking related issues with regard to the media and individual freedoms.
  • New York City Citizens Lobbying Against Smoker Harassment (CLASH) - A pro-smoking website that aims to debunk some of the myths surrounding smoking as well as boycott Mayor Bloomberg's proposal to ban smoking in the city in all public places. The site takes a libertarian stance in regard to smoking and vehemently opposes the smoking laws that are in the process of being passed.
  • The Boston Public Health Commission - The debate over smoking is heating up in the northeast, with Boston considering a similar ban to that which was proposed in NYC, and stricter legislation passing through in smaller surrounding cities. The BPHC website offers information about Boston's proposed smoking regulations.
  • ASH (Action on Smoking and Health) - Learn more about what this nonsmoker's advocacy organization has on its agenda. The site offers a wealth of resources for anyone looking to build a case against smoking, from statistics on smoking to information about quitting.
  • Forces International - Advertising itself as the most read website on public frauds and politics, Forces International expresses its stand on the smoking issue through the words of H. L. Mencken: "There is only one honest impulse at the bottom of Puritanism, an hat is the impulse to punish the man with a superior capacity for happiness.

Culture

  • EurekaAlert! - Science News - A web site dedicated to the advancement of science. It provides a comprehensive list of article related to smoking and smoke related issues.
  • Philip Morris U.S.A. - Official website for one of the world's largest cigarette manufacturers. The site provides a great deal of information about the company as well as methods on trying to quit smoking and the health risks involved. The site also provides information on youth prevention programs as well as the dangers related with second hand smoke.
  • The Official New York Police Department Website - This is the Official NYPD website. It provides access to a limited amount of information on cigarette related crimes such as smuggling.
  • Gotham Gazette - New York City Politics and NYC News - The New York based publication provides articles related to smoking and smoking legislation through its online article database. The amount of information is comprehensive, however it is specific to New York based smoking issues.
  • The Official New York City Website - The official New York City website, with link to various articles on the issue of smoking as well as political and legislative information on tobacco related issues.
  • Cigar Aficionados - Your Home For Cigars On The Web - A site dedicated to cigar fanatics.
  • Cigarettes - This site highlights both the visual and philosophical importance of cigarettes within the film noir genre during the 40's and 50's.

Health

  • New York University Health Center Smoking Cessation Program - This website hosted by NYU's medical center highlights a three step program to aid people in their battle against smoking.
  • Freedom Smokerlyzer - The Unique Quit Smoking System - This site provides smokers with a comprehensive quitting plan as well as information about pharmaceutical aids that are commercially available for people attempting to quit. The site also provides hundreds of phone numbers around the world of "stop smoking" clinics.
  • The American Heart Association - Fighting Heart Disease And Stroke - NRT - This page is part of the AHA (American Heart Association) website and highlights the effectiveness of Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) for people trying to quit smoking. The article also discusses the effectiveness of the various NRT devices available to those trying to quit.
  • American Lung Association - Quit Smoking Action Plan - This is a simple web page that list the pros and cons of NRT devices in tabular form. The American Lung Association hosts the site and also talks about the only FDA approved prescription medication, Zyban, available in the market that has been proven to help people quit smoking.
  • QuitTobacco.org, a quit smoking resource - This page talks about the effects of Zyban in detail as well as the possible side effects of taking this anti smoking medication.
  • Medicines Control Agency - This link hosted by the British Government lists the results of a research carried out to test the side-effects of the smoking cessation medicine, Zyban.
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - The Environmental Protection Agency's web page provided an article with significant research on the effects of passive smoking. The page also contains links to other organization that provide information on smoking related illnesses, such as the National Cancer Institute and the Center for Disease Control (Office of Smoking and Health).
  • Just The Berries For Family Physicians - British web site that includes articles and findings by multiple researchers and organizations that highlights the risks of passive smoking and provides a variety of links to various other publications and journals of similar content.
  • ASH - Action On Smoking And Health UK -
  • National Center For Chronic Disease Prevention And Health Promotion - Tobacco Information and Prevention Source (TIPS - An article by the CDC listing the dangers of secondhand smoke and provided simple tips on how to keep your house and environment smoke-free.
  • Nicotine Anonymous - A nicotine anonymous fellowship group comprised of men and women helping each other to gain freedom from nicotine.
  • QuitNet - Quit Smoking All Together - The Quitnet provides an array of interactive tools to help smokers understand what it is that drives them to smoke, and how to successfully deal with the urges, cravings and relapse issues.The site allows people to create their own quitting plan, get expert advice from counselors and get support from within the QuitNet community.
  • Quit Smoking Support.com - One of the most popular and supportive quitting smoking web sites on the Internet, complete with interactive areas and awesome support. With over 200 pages of information, visitors will find access to information and links to virtually every smoking related topic on the web as well as large amounts of information that will help people to quit successfully.
  • American Lung Association Tobacco Control Quitting Smoking Index - The tobacco control page for the American Lung Association provides information on smoking cessation techniques. In addition, the page has links to articles and research related to the danger of smoking as well as legislative efforts being made by the US government to reduce tobacco related deaths and illnesses.
  • TobaccoFree.org - This website is primarily an anti-smoking website that aims to empower youth to stay away from tobacco as well as providing current smokers a guide on how to quit successfully. In addition, the site contains an index of links to related websites and online journal, articles, etc. The site also includes videos that can be used for educational purposes as well as tips for smokers on how to quit.
  • SmokeFree Air: Fighting For The Right To Breath Clean Air - Online directory that aids smokers trying to quit by listing helpful guides, contact numbers of other smokers trying to quit as well as links to help-lines and relevant smoking related information. The site also provided the opportunity for visitors to write petitions to organizations, companies, restaurants, publications, etc, that promote smoking, asking them to change their stance and stop their tobacco promotion.
  • The American Cancer Society's Complete Guide To Quitting - More than 46 million people in the United States have made the decision to quit smoking and have succeeded. The American Cancer Society website provides a comprehensive guide to the process of smoking cessation. In addition, the fact sheet clearly outlines the serious health risks posed to smokers as well as the immediate and long-term benefits to be enjoyed by those who kick their habit.
  • No Smoke Software - The NO SMOKE software program for Windows can help you quit smoking. NO SMOKE is also used in schools to educate children about the dangers of cigarettes and tobacco. NO SMOKE isn't just one computer program. It is 12 programs in one. The program is filled with techniques and analysis sections that cover every aspect of the problem of quitting smoking.

Opinion

  • American Bartenders Association - The American Bartenders Association is a nonprofit organization that supports and promotes "The Spirit of Professionalism!" in the bartending industry by providing resources for business, mixology, marketing, job enhancement, personal growth, and education. The website provides numerous resources for those interested in the field of bartending as well as a list of schools to provide the necessary training and expertise.
  • Center For Tobacco Free New York - The Center for a Tobacco Free New York exists to provide the public, the news media and public officials with the latest authoritative information related to tobacco use prevention and control. The site provides up-to-date Tobacco news related to the New York region as well a number of resources and links to related sites and articles.
  • The American Legacy Foundation - American Legacy Foundation is the national, independent public health foundation established by the 1998 tobacco settlement. Legacy is dedicated to reducing tobacco use in the United States with major initiatives reaching youth, women, and priority populations through grant awards, research initiatives, marketing campaigns, training programs, and collaboration with national and local partners. Among Legacy's top priorities are to reduce tobacco use by young people and to support programs that help people -- whether they are young or old - quit smoking.
  • thetruth.com - Truth is dedicated to exposing the truth about tobacco so that people can have all of the information necessary to make up their minds for themselves. The organization employs guerilla marketing and advertising tactics and shocks people into listening to their ideas. The main goal is to alert smokers to the lies and hidden practices of cigarette manufacturers, while providing tools for people to have a voice.
  • New York City Citizens Lobbying Against Smoker Harassment (CLASH) - A pro-smoking website that aims to debunk some of the myths surrounding smoking as well as boycott Mayor Bloomberg's proposal to ban smoking in the city in all public places. The site takes a libertarian stance in regard to smoking and vehemently opposes the smoking laws that are in the process of being passed.
  • NYC Department of Health & Mental Hygiene Office of Communications - New York City's Department of Health and Mental Hygiene website contains an article of Mayor Bloomberg's proposed New York Smoke-Free Air Act 2002.
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - Official website of the Environmental Protection Agency. This Page contains information and research proving the correlation between respiratory illnesses and passive smoking. The web page also provides links to various other organizations with similar content and useful information on how to prevent the dangers related to second-hand smoke.
  • American Lung Association - Secondhand Smoke And Your Family - This website provides information on the dangers of second hand smoke as well as the counter measures a family can take to reduce the risks of passive smoking. The web page also provides a list of telephone numbers that visitors can call to get more information on passive smoking as well as a help-line for those who wish to quit.
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - Secondhand Smoke - In early 1993, the EPA released a report that evaluated the respiratory health effects from breathing second-hand smoke. In that report, EPA concluded that secondhand smoke causes lung cancer in adult nonsmokers and impairs the respiratory health of children. This page lists the findings of that report as well as statistical and theoretical data to back their findings.
  • The American Heart Association - Fighting Heart Disease And Stroke - The official website for the American Heart Association, this web page provides information on the link between cigarette smoking and cardio-vascular disease. In addition the site also talks about the dangers related to cigar and pipe smokers as well as the correlation between passive smoking and heart disease.

 

HOME | LAW | CULTURE | HEALTH | VIEWPOINTS | ABOUT US | CONTRIBUTORS | RESOURCES